Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction where the body’s immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the islets of the pancreas gland. As a result, the body produces none to very little insulin with a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin. The causes of this destructive process are not fully understood but a combination of genetics susceptibility and environmental triggers such as viral infection, toxins or some dietary factors have been implicated.10 The disease can develop at any age but type 1 diabetes occurs most frequently in children and adolescents. People with type 1diabetes need daily insulin injections in order to maintain a glucose level in the proper range and without insulin would not be able to survive.

People with type 1 diabetes, with proper daily insulin treatment, regular blood glucose monitoring and maintenance of a healthy diet and lifestyle can live a healthy life and delay or avoid many of the complications associated with diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed by an elevated blood glucose level in the presence of the symptoms, such as thirst and blurred vision. However, diagnosing type of diabetes is sometimes difficult to determine and additional testing may be required to distinguish between type 1 or type 2 diabetes or other forms of diabetes.

(This information was taken from the

International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Atlas 2017 Edition)

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